Non-pharmacological interventions for tobacco cessation: A systematic review of existing practices and their effectiveness

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Submitted: February 8, 2022
Accepted: March 8, 2022
Published: March 25, 2022
Abstract Views: 2544
PDF: 881
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Smoking tobacco is associated with lung cancer and other life-threatening diseases which requires serious action to curb it. Tobacco cessation interventions are available as pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods or a combination of both. The present review examines the effectiveness of the existing non-pharmacological tobacco cessation interventions and synthesizes the result for the future development of drug-free treatment in the community for tobacco cessation. The literature search was conducted in August 2020, using two electronic databases (PubMed and JSTOR), with search terms: [‘tobacco cessation’ OR ‘smoking cessation’] AND [‘intervention’] which included studies published during 2010 and 2020 (till 31st July 2020). All studies were limited to English language, human participants and excluded patients with comorbidities. A total of 2,114 publications were retrieved out of which 11 articles were reviewed. On the basis of intervention used in reviewed studies, we categorized them into seven categories: i. incentive-based intervention, ii. exercise based, iii. telephone-based proactive counselling, iv. mobile phone SMS (Short Message Service) based, v. smartphone app (application) based, vi. web-based intervention, vii. self-help material. Incentives were provided in most of the studies to maintain the retention rate and motivate the participants for completing follow-up. Non-pharmacological interventions for tobacco cessation include a combination of various elements. Our findings suggest that behavioural counselling is one of the most important elements of any non-pharmacological intervention. In addition to behaviour counselling, yoga and exercises along with self-help material, video and phone counselling may have higher efficacy. Thus, practicing non-pharmacological interventions may also increase the cessation rate and reduce the tobacco use burden.

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How to Cite

Saroj, Shyam Kanhaiya, and Tushti Bhardwaj. 2022. “Non-Pharmacological Interventions for Tobacco Cessation: A Systematic Review of Existing Practices and Their Effectiveness”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 92 (4). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2022.2229.