Three-dimensional printing in integrated multi-modality imaging approach for management of prosthetic valves infective endocarditis

Published: November 24, 2022
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After heart failure, infectious endocarditis is the second leading cause of death in patients with prosthetic valves. Aortic pseudoaneurysms are a serious complication of infective endocarditis in mechanical or bioprosthetic aortic prostheses. Diagnostic and management challenges are posed by aortic pseudoaneurysms. In these cases, a multi-modality imaging approach with a heart team is recommended. We described two cases of aortic pseudoaneurysms that developed as a result of infective endocarditis. The first case involved a TAVI patient who developed infective endocarditis as a result of diabetic foot complications. Because traditional echocardiography and computed tomography failed to show the anatomy of the lesion, we used 3D printing to show the anatomy, extension of the pseudoaneurysm, and proximity to the right coronary artery. The second case involved a patient who underwent Bentall's surgery with an aortic root and mechanical aortic valve and later developed infective endocarditis complicated by pseudoaneurysms. In this case, 3D printing was used for preoperative surgical planning.

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How to Cite

Eltayeb, Abdalla, Shahid Khan, Salam Dib, Ali Musthaq, Ahmed Elshaer, Abdullah Shaik, Domenico Galzerano, Bahaa Fadel, Mohamed Aladmawi, and Olga Vriz. 2022. “Three-Dimensional Printing in Integrated Multi-Modality Imaging Approach for Management of Prosthetic Valves Infective Endocarditis”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 93 (4). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2022.2479.