Cardiac monitoring during trastuzumab therapy in metastatic breast cancer: early incidence of cardiac dysfunction

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Submitted: December 8, 2021
Accepted: January 28, 2022
Published: February 17, 2022
Abstract Views: 1672
PDF: 425
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Authors

Trastuzumab therapy has dramatically changed breast cancer prognosis. Consensus documents recommend a close monitoring during therapy, not always feasible, especially in metastatic breast cancer. The purpose of this study is to describe trastuzumab cardiotoxicity in metastatic breast cancer patients to understand how to improve cardiovascular monitoring. We retrospectively studied metastatic breast cancer patients scheduled for trastuzumab therapy (2001-2018). All patients underwent a baseline evaluation and monitoring during therapy. Cardiotoxicity was defined as symptomatic heart failure or asymptomatic decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction > 10% from baseline and < 53%. Ninety-two women were included, mean age 61 years (±14.43), median follow-up 42.5 months (IQR 26-74). Fourteen percent developed cardiotoxicity:  two heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, three heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, and eight asymptomatic decreased in left ventricular ejection fraction. Eighty-one percent of cardiac dysfunction cases occurred within the first 4 years and on median of 31 months from trastuzumab initiation. Thus, in metastatic breast cancer patients, trastuzumab-mediated cardiotoxicity occurred more frequently during the first 4 years. These data should be considered to optimize follow-up protocols.

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Francesco Perone, Cardiology Department, La Paz University Hospital, IdiPAZ Research institute, Madrid

Cardiology Department, University of L'Aquila, Italy

How to Cite

Perone, Francesco, Pilar Zamora Auñon, Laura Rodríguez, David Vinal, Juan Caro-Codon, Ana Pertejo, Virginia Martínez Marín, Enrique Espinosa, and Teresa López-Fernández. 2022. “Cardiac Monitoring During Trastuzumab Therapy in Metastatic Breast Cancer: Early Incidence of Cardiac Dysfunction”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 92 (4). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2022.2163.