Diagnosis of pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: A review

Submitted: June 29, 2022
Accepted: October 10, 2022
Published: October 21, 2022
Abstract Views: 1731
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Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare lung disease with unprecedented features characterized by fibroelastotic changes in the subpleural lung parenchyma affecting the upper lobes. PPFE is usually idiopathic, but it can be caused by infection, autoimmunity, bone marrow or lung transplantation, or a genetic predisposition. Histopathologic examination of lung biopsy samples reveals homogenous subpleural fibrosis and abundant elastic fibers, allowing for a definitive diagnosis. As PPFE mimics many interstitial lung diseases, clinicians face significant difficulties in making a definitive final diagnosis. Since most disease-related comorbid conditions manifest at an advanced stage, invasive tissue sampling for histopathologic evaluation is consistently impossible. Such a patient presentation highlights the importance of an analysis based solely on clinical findings, which would provide a definitive diagnosis without the need for a biopsy. Because of its exceptional and inconceivable presentation, PPFE creates a diagnostic dilemma. In light of our two cases and the literature data, we present a diagnostic assessment score assay that relies solely on clinical manifestations without histopathological tissue verification to shed light on the diagnosis of PPFE. This review focuses on PPFE identification through the use of a diagnostic assessment analysis to improve early disease recognition without the use of invasive diagnostic interventions to obtain biopsy samples for histopathologic evaluation. This analytic approach, while not diagnostic in and of itself, may provide a useful pathway for differential diagnosis and may preclude redundant initiatives.

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How to Cite

Tetikkurt, Cuneyt, Buket Caliskaner Ozturk, and Nejdiye Gungordu. 2022. “Diagnosis of Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis: A Review”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 93 (3). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2022.2363.

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