Sarcoidosis presenting as bilateral optic neuritis after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination

Submitted: March 29, 2022
Accepted: May 16, 2022
Published: June 8, 2022
Abstract Views: 1068
PDF: 281
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Authors

Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic granulomatous disease and can virtually affect any organ system. Multiple factors, including tubercular antigens organic and environmental exposures, have been implicated in its pathogenesis. In addition to drugs, sarcoid-like reactions have been reported following varicella and influenza vaccination. Few reports of erythema nodosum and Lofgren syndrome have been reported after the COVID19 vaccination, though no histologic diagnosis was pursued in these cases. We herein report a case of sarcoidosis presenting with bilateral acute onset vision loss with a temporal association with COVID19 vaccination (ChadOx-1 n-COV, COVISHIELDTM). Symptoms started within two weeks of receiving the vaccine. Alternate causes for optic neuritis were excluded. Transbronchial lung biopsy showed the presence of non-caseating epithelioid cell granulomas. The patient received high-dose corticosteroids immediately after diagnosis, albeit with incomplete clinical improvement in vision on a three-month follow-up. In conclusion, we report a novel case of sarcoidosis-related optic neuritis following COVID19 vaccination. 

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Citations

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How to Cite

Shukla, Amarendra Kumar, Amrutha Peter, Jitendra Kishore Bhargava, Veerendra Arya, Manish Kumar Gupta, Nishtha Yadav, and Pawan Tiwari. 2022. “Sarcoidosis Presenting As Bilateral Optic Neuritis After ChAdOx1 NCoV-19 Vaccination”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 93 (1). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2022.2279.