Thyroid dysfunction on the heart: clinical effects, prognostic impact and management strategies

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Submitted: November 7, 2021
Accepted: March 8, 2022
Published: March 24, 2022
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Thyroid hormones have a considerable influence on cardiac function and structure. There are direct and indirect effects of thyroid hormone on the cardiovascular system, which are prominent in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. In this review, we discuss how thyroid dysfunction impacts cardiovascular pathophysiology and the underlying molecular mechanisms.



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How to Cite

Mattesi, Giulia, Sara Di Michele, Donato Mele, Ilaria Rigato, Riccardo Bariani, Andrea Fiorencis, Marco Previtero, Abdullah Al Sergani, Loira Leoni, Barbara Bauce, and Valeria Pergola. 2022. “Thyroid Dysfunction on the Heart: Clinical Effects, Prognostic Impact and Management Strategies”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 92 (4).