Efficacy of respiratory tele-rehabilitation in COPD patients: Systematic review and meta-analysis

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Submitted: September 27, 2021
Accepted: December 27, 2021
Published: January 27, 2022
Abstract Views: 3180
PDF: 2088
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Authors

Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a proven and effective intervention for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The recent pandemic has raised interest on new services, such as telerehabilitation (Tele-R). The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of Tele-R in COPD on: 1) exercise capacity evaluated by the 6-minute walk test (6MWT); 2) dyspnea (modified Medical Research Council – mMRC); 3) COPD control (the COPD assessment test - CAT). The analysis compared Tele-R versus no rehabilitation and Tele-R versus center-based rehabilitation. This meta-analysis was undertaken according to PRISMA recommendations. This pair-wise meta-analysis included data obtained from studies that enrolled 758 COPD patients. The tele-R compared to no rehabilitation improved the 6MWT distance of 48 m (CI: 24, 72; p<0.001) and the mMRC of -1.02U (CI: -1.49, -0.59; p<0.001), and the CAT of -5.74U (CI: -7.42, -0.407; p<0.001). The tele-R compared to center-based rehabilitation showed no difference on 6MWT distance (p=0.563), mMRC (p=0.911), and CAT (p=0.85). In COPD patients, Tele-R is effective in improving exercise tolerance and patient-reported outcomes and it seems to be a valid alternative to center-based rehabilitation, but more studies are needed to better understand how to select the right patients and which kind of Tele-R is more appropriate.

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How to Cite

Ora, Josuel, Emanuela Prendi, Maria Laura Attinà, Mario Cazzola, Luigino Calzetta, and Paola Rogliani. 2022. “Efficacy of Respiratory Tele-Rehabilitation in COPD Patients: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 92 (4). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2022.2105.