A middle-aged lady with near-fatal respiratory failure

Submitted: September 27, 2021
Accepted: December 20, 2021
Published: December 28, 2021
Abstract Views: 903
PDF: 292
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.


Tuberculosis is an uncommon cause of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. We present a case of a middle-aged women with near-fatal respiratory failure due to underlying tuberculosis with favorable clinical recovery. Early diagnosis and treatment are imperative to prevent morbidity, mortality, and disease transmission.



PlumX Metrics


Download data is not yet available.


Neves CP, Costa AG, Safe IP, et al. The role of mini-bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in critically ill patients. BMC Infect Dis 2020;20:1-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-04954-3
Hagan G, Nathani N. Clinical review: Tuberculosis on the intensive care unit. Crit Care 2013;17:1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/cc12760
Vasakova M, Morell F, Walsh S, et al. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: Perspectives in diagnosis and management. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2017;196:680–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201611-2201PP
Du Rand IA, Blaikley J, Booton R, et al. British Thoracic Society Bronchoscopy Guideline Group. British Thoracic Society guideline for diagnostic flexible bronchoscopy in adults: accredited by NICE. Thorax 2013;68:i1-i44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-203618
Bashir YU, Nahvi N, Khan S, Jahan T. Diagnostic utility of bronchoalveolar lavage Xpert MTB/RIF assay in suspected cases of pulmonary tuberculosis. Int J Contemp Med Res 2019;6:F8-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21276/ijcmr.2019.6.6.29
Grygiel-Górniak B, Rogacka N, Puszczewicz M. Antinuclear antibodies in healthy people and non-rheumatic diseases - diagnostic and clinical implications. Reumatologia 2018;56:243–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5114/reum.2018.77976
Muthu V, Dhooria S, Aggarwal AN, et al. Acute respiratory distress syndrome due to tuberculosis in a respiratory icu over a 16-year period. Crit Care Med 2017;45:e1087–90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000002479
Andresen M, Tapia P, Mercado M, et al. Catastrophic respiratory failure from tuberculosis pneumonia: Survival after prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. Respir Med Case Rep 2013;10:19–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2013.06.004
Kilaru SC, Prasad S, Kilaru H, et al. Active pulmonary tuberculosis presenting with acute respiratory failure. Respirol Case Rep 2019;7:1–5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/rcr2.460
Dannenberg AM. Immune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Rev Infect Dis 1989;11:S369–78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/clinids/11.Supplement_2.S369

How to Cite

Sheth, Pankti, Shibdas Chakrabarti, Neeraj Kumar Gupta, Pranav Ish, Rohit Kumar, and Nitesh Gupta. 2021. “A Middle-Aged Lady With Near-Fatal Respiratory Failure”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 92 (3). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2021.2103.