Cardiovascular complications of obesity

Teresa Cascella, Francesco Giallauria, Domenico Tafuri, Gaetano Lombardi, Annamaria Colao, Carlo Vigorito, Francesco Orio
  • Teresa Cascella
    Dipartimento di Endocrinologia ed Oncologia Molecolare & Clinica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
  • Francesco Giallauria
    Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica, Scienze Cardiovascolari ed Immunologiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
  • Domenico Tafuri
    Metodi e Didattiche delle Attività Sportive, Facoltà di Scienze Motorie, Università degli Studi “Parthenope”, Napoli, Italy
  • Gaetano Lombardi
    Dipartimento di Endocrinologia ed Oncologia Molecolare & Clinica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
  • Annamaria Colao
    Dipartimento di Endocrinologia ed Oncologia Molecolare & Clinica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
  • Carlo Vigorito
    Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica, Scienze Cardiovascolari ed Immunologiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
  • Francesco Orio
    Endocrinologia, Facoltà di Scienze Motorie, Università degli Studi “Parthenope”, Napoli, Italy | francescoorio@virgilio.it

Abstract

Obesity is one of the major coronary risk factor representing an increasingly important worldwide health problem. The increased prevalence of obesity among younger population is likely to have long-term implications for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Obesity plays a central role in the insulin resistance syndrome and contributes to increase the risk of atherosclerotic CVD. The present review will examine the relationships among cardiovascular risk factors during the childhood-adolescence-adulthood transition. In fact, the relationship between obesity (especially visceral obesity) and CVD appears to develop at a relatively young age. The foremost physical consequence of obesity is atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and polycystic ovary syndrome represents an intriguing example of obesity-related cardiovascular complications affecting young women.

Keywords

obesity, cardiovascular risk, polycystic ovary syndrome

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Submitted: 2016-02-04 10:26:12
Published: 2016-02-04 11:03:20
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Copyright (c) 2016 Teresa Cascella, Francesco Giallauria, Domenico Tafuri, Gaetano Lombardi, Annamaria Colao, Carlo Vigorito, Francesco Orio

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