Spontaneous pneumothorax associated with COVID-19 pneumonia: a single-centre retrospective study

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2021.1884

Authors

  • Velizar Hadzhiminev | v.hadjiminev@abv.bg Department of Special Surgery, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6559-8945
  • Lybomir Paunov Department of Special Surgery, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
  • Teodora Dimcheva Department of Medical Informatics, Biostatistics and E-learning, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1508-6647
  • Angel Uchikov Department of Special Surgery, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
  • Ivan Novakov Department of Special Surgery, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5853-7685

Abstract

Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is a rare complication of COVID-19 pneumonia; it affects both intubated and non-intubated patients. The pathogenesis includes barotrauma and pneumatocele formation. In the following article, we present case series of 18 patients with COVID-19 associated pneumothorax - a detailed demographic and clinical analysis were performed. The study revealed that men were more affected than women, especially above the age of 55 years; whilst, the distribution of intubated patients and those with spontaneous breathing were equal. Importantly, tube thoracostomy was the preferred method of treatment. The lethal outcome was observed in all patients on mechanical ventilation, due to the severe course of the underlying disease. The occurrence of pneumothorax in patients with COVID-19 is associated with poorer outcome of the disease, especially in those placed on mechanical ventilation.

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Published
2021-09-14
Info
Issue
Section
COVID-19 - Collection of articles on the Coronavirus outbreak
Supporting Agencies
Medical University - Plovdiv
Keywords:
pneumothorax, COVID-19, tube thoracostomy
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How to Cite
Hadzhiminev, Velizar, Lybomir Paunov, Teodora Dimcheva, Angel Uchikov, and Ivan Novakov. 2021. “Spontaneous Pneumothorax Associated With COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Single-Centre Retrospective Study”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, September. https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2021.1884.