Fire-eater’s pneumonitis

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2006.590

Authors

  • E. Grossi | enzogrossi@libero.it Department of Internal Medicine, Santa Maria delle Croci Hospital, Ravenna, Italy.
  • E. Crisanti Department of Pathology, Santa Maria delle Croci Hospital, Ravenna, Italy.
  • G. Poletti Clinical Pathology Department, Santa Maria delle Croci Hospital, Ravenna, Italy.
  • V. Poletti Department of Diseases of the Thorax, GB Morgagni Hospital, Forlì, Italy.

Abstract

Fire-eater’s pneumonitis, also known as ‘fireeater’s lung’, is an acute inflammatory response of the lungs to the accidental aspiration, during the show, of ‘pyrofluids’ or kerdan [1-9]. Kerdan is composed of petroleum-distilled products like toluene, xylene, ethilbenzene which differ from kerosene composition. Kerdan is characterised by its reduced viscosity and, unfortunately, by its rapid diffusion throughout the bronchial tree after sudden accidental aspiration [7]. Histological findings (not easily available in the literature) show necrotising acute bronchiolitis and necrotising acute fibrinous pneumonia, as previously reported in experimental models [10]. Despite the severe initial presentation, ‘fire-eater’s lung’ usually has a favourable evolution with ‘restitutio ad integrum’ of pulmonary functions [7].

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Published
2016-02-15
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Section
Case Reports
Keywords:
Fire-eater’s pneumonitis, Fire-eater’s lung, Kerdan-pyrofluids aspiration, Necrotizing acute bronchiolitis - necrotizing acute fibrinous pneumonia pyrofluid related, Fire-eater’s pneumonia experimental works
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How to Cite
Grossi, E., E. Crisanti, G. Poletti, and V. Poletti. 2016. “Fire-eater’s Pneumonitis”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 65 (1). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2006.590.