Application of the general perceived self-efficacy scale in cardiovascular rehabilitation

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2007.451

Authors

  • Anna Maria Zotti | azotti@fsm.it Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Institute for Clinical Care and Research (IRCCS); Psychology Unit, Scientific Institute of Veruno (NO), Italy.
  • Gianluigi Balestroni Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Institute for Clinical Care and Research (IRCCS); Psychology Unit, Scientific Institute of Veruno (NO), Italy.
  • Paola Cerutti Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Institute for Clinical Care and Research (IRCCS); Psychology Unit, Scientific Institute of Veruno (NO), Italy.
  • Silvia Rossi Ferrario Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Institute for Clinical Care and Research (IRCCS); Psychology Unit, Scientific Institute of Veruno (NO), Italy.
  • Elisabetta Angelino Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Institute for Clinical Care and Research (IRCCS); Health Head Office, Casa di Cura Major, Torino, Italy.
  • Massimo Miglioretti ASL 3, “La Colletta” Hospital, Unit of Rehabilitative Cardiology, Arenzano (GE), Italy.

Abstract

Psychosocial support, education and self-management are important complements of rehabilitation programs. A central concept in self-management is self-efficacy, which refers to oneself confidence in reaching a desired goal. The General Perceived Self-Efficacy scale (GSE), developed to measure self-efficacy at the broadest level, could be useful in the rehabilitation setting, in order to assess patients’ selfmanagement difficulties as well as to design specific interventions for specific diseases. Aim of this work is to verify the GSE Italian version psychometric properties applied to the rehabilitation setting. Data were analyzed from 395 in-patients attending cardiac (83.8%) and neurological (16.2%) rehabilitation. Cardiac patients suffered from post-MI, CABG or heart-failure; all of the neurological patients suffered from amiotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). They were mostly males (84.5%), and the mean age was 55.7 years. Principal component factor analysis confirmed that GSE has a monofactorial structure with internal consistency of .85. As in previous studies, a gender difference emerged. There was no difference in cardiac patients, on the basis of their specific disease, but they showed higher self-efficacy perception compared to ALS patients. The findings confirm that GSE is a valid measure of self-efficacy in settings characterised by different levels of functional abilities, as in cardiac and neurological rehabilitation.

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Published
2016-02-01
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Original Articles
Keywords:
self-efficacy, scale validation, cardiovascular diseases, Amiotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
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How to Cite
Zotti, Anna Maria, Gianluigi Balestroni, Paola Cerutti, Silvia Rossi Ferrario, Elisabetta Angelino, and Massimo Miglioretti. 2016. “Application of the General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale in Cardiovascular Rehabilitation”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease 68 (3). https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2007.451.

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