An uncommon clinical condition: chronic thrombosis of the inferior vena cava. A case report and review of literature
AbstractThe lifetime incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is approximately 0.1% in general population and even more uncommon in subjects below 40 years of age. Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is an exceptionally rare clinical condition, with etiological factors similar to lower limb DVT. We present a case of post-traumatic chronic obstruction of the IVC in 41 years-old man, caused by a prolonged squatted position, while he was working as a bricklayer. We visited the patient fifteen years after the onset of the first clinical setting showing a severe post thrombotic syndrome, as a consequence of the already diagnosticated thrombosis, involving predominantly the right inferior leg. Thrombophilia screening tests showed patient to be a heterozygous carrier of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene mutation. Computed tomography (CT) scan confirmed the thrombotic obstruction of the infrahepatic IVC, both common iliac veins, right external and internal iliac veins, with multiple collateral pathways. Because of thrombosis extension, inherited prothrombotic condition and the young age of the patient, we decided to continue life-long oral anticoagulant therapy.
- Abstract views: 469
- PDF: 502
PAGEPress has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.