Quantitative analysis of cell-free DNA by droplet digital PCR reveals the presence of EGFR mutations in non-malignant lung pathologies

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2021.1748

Authors

  • Rajesh Venkataram Department of Pulmonary Medicine, KS Hegde Medical Academy (Deemed to be University), Nitte, Mangalore , India.
  • Srividya Arjuna Division of Molecular Genetics and Cancer, Nitte University Centre For Science Education and Research (NUCSER), Nitte (Deemed to be University), Mangalore , India.
  • Giridhar Belur Hosmane Department of Pulmonary Medicine, KS Hegde Medical Academy (Deemed to be University), Nitte, Mangalore, India.
  • Anirban Chakraborty | anir.abc@gmail.com Division of Molecular Genetics and Cancer, Nitte University Centre For Science Education and Research (NUCSER), Nitte (Deemed to be University), Mangalore , India.

Abstract

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are effectively used in treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Mutation profile of tyrosine kinase domain of EGFR determines the eligibility of the patients for tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. Liquid biopsy, which relies on circulating tumor-derived nucleic acids, has emerged as an effective tool in lung cancer management with proven diagnostic, prognostic and predictive applications. We screened 100 subjects, suspected to have lung malignancy, for four hotspot mutations including three activating (G719S, Ex19del E746-A750 and L858R) and one acquired (T790M, de novo) in EGFR gene by droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). While 97 subjects were subsequently confirmed to have lung malignancy based on histo/cytopathological studies, three cases turned out to be non-malignant lung pathologies that were completely cured by antibiotic therapy. Intriguingly, ddPCR revealed the presence of EGFR mutations in these non-malignant subjects. Two cases showed the presence of G719S and T790M mutations respectively and another had compound mutations (T790M and L858R). The detection of EGFR mutations in non-malignant pulmonary conditions opens up a new area of research.

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Published
2021-05-04
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Section
Pneumology - Original Articles
Keywords:
Liquid biopsy, EGFR mutations, ddPCR, NSCLC, non-malignant lung pathologies
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How to Cite
Venkataram, Rajesh, Srividya Arjuna, Giridhar Belur Hosmane, and Anirban Chakraborty. 2021. “Quantitative Analysis of Cell-Free DNA by Droplet Digital PCR Reveals the Presence of EGFR Mutations in Non-Malignant Lung Pathologies”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, May. https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2021.1748.