Prevalence of aspergillus skin hypersensitivity in allergic rhinitis

https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2021.1416

Authors

  • Monika Bansal Junior Resident, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9452-0338
  • Komaldeep Kaur Senior resident, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, India.
  • Aditi Gupta Assistant professor, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, India.
  • Deepak Goyal | dggoyald@gmail.com Medical officer, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, TB Hospital, Government Medical College, PatialaPunjab., India. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0037-5139
  • Nidhi Girdhar Junior Resident, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India.
  • Vishal Chopra Professor and Head, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, India.
  • Sanjeev Bhagat Professor and Head, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College, Patiala, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5685-0421
  • Akhil D. Goel Assistant professor, Department of Community medicine and Family medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India.

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic allergen specific, IgE-mediated hypersensitivity disorder which significantly impairs the quality of life in affected patients. Many aeroallergens and molds are responsible for AR. This study was  conducted to find prevalence of Aspergillus fumigatus skin hypersensitivity in patients of AR by skin prick test (SPT).  150 clinically diagnosed AR patients visiting our OPD were enrolled. Skin hypersensitivity for Aspergillus f. was done by SPT in all the enrolled patients. Chi square test and Student’s t-test were applied for statistical analysis. Out of 150 patients, 60 (40%) were positive for Aspergillus fumigatus SPT. Majority of the positive patients had persistent AR and among those 39/60 (65%) had moderate to severe persistent AR and 12/60 (20%) had mild persistent AR.  Our study concluded that there is high (40%) prevalence of Aspergillus f. skin hypersensitivity among AR patients. The hypersensitivity to Aspergillus f. was found more in severe AR patients and it was statistically significant.

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References

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Published
2021-03-09
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Section
Pneumology - Original Articles
Keywords:
Allergic rhinitis, Aspergillus fumigatus, skin prick test
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How to Cite
Bansal, Monika, Komaldeep Kaur, Aditi Gupta, Deepak Goyal, Nidhi Girdhar, Vishal Chopra, Sanjeev Bhagat, and Akhil D. Goel. 2021. “Prevalence of Aspergillus Skin Hypersensitivity in Allergic Rhinitis”. Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, March. https://doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2021.1416.

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