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A study on the prevalence of depression and the severity of depression in patients of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a semi-urban Indian population

Abhishekl Agarwal, Sakshi Batra, Rajendra Prasad, Anand Verma, Abdul Q. Jilani, Surya Kant
  • Abhishekl Agarwal
    Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, India | drabhishekrd@gmail.com
  • Sakshi Batra
    Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, India
  • Rajendra Prasad
    Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, India
  • Anand Verma
    Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, India
  • Abdul Q. Jilani
    Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, India
  • Surya Kant
    King George's Medical University, Department of Respiratory Medicine, India

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the few respiratory diseases which is associated with a number of comorbidities. Psychiatric disease like depression is a very important comorbidity of COPD because it decreases the feeling of wellbeing in the patient and also interferes with the compliance with medication thereby increasing the risk of hospitalization in the COPD patient. A cross-sectional study was done for two years in the department of pulmonary medicine at Era’s Lucknow medical college and hospital, Lucknow. A total of 150 patients were enrolled for the study after a clinico-radiological screening for the diagnosis confirmed on spirometry. After the confirmation of the diagnosis of COPD in these patients, they were screened for depression using the PHQ-9 scale in our department of pulmonary medicine. The confirmation of the diagnosis of depression was done according to the ICD-10 guidelines for depression and the severity of depression was graded using HAM-D scale in the department of psychiatry at our institute. The most common age group enrolled in the study was 51-60 years of age (40.67%). One hundred and fifteen patients (76.7%) of the enrolled patients were smokers while the remaining 35 patients (23.3%) were non-smokers. Depression was found to be present in 46 out of the total 150 patients in the study. Thus, the prevalence of depression in our study was 30.67%. Depression was seen in COPD groups B,C and D. Out of the 46 patients of COPD with depression,18 had mild depression (39.13%), 26 had moderate depression (56.52%) and 2 had severe depression (4.35%). Hence, depression of all grades (i.e., mild, moderate and severe depression) is seen in COPD groups B, C and D.

Keywords

Depression; COPD; comorbidities; PHQ-9 scale; HAM-D scale.

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Submitted: 2017-12-15 13:33:57
Published: 2018-03-19 10:12:37
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Copyright (c) 2018 Abhishek Agarwal, Sakshi Batra, Rajendra Prasad, Anand Verma, Abdul Q. Jilani, Surya Kant

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