Some diseases, such as renal colic and atrial fibrillation, display an association with microclimatic variations. In particular, despite a correlation has been reported between incidence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) and meteorological variations, the evidence remains poor and conflictual. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of day-by-day meteorological variations on the number of visits for PSP in the Emergency Department (ED). All PSP cases were retrieved from the hospital database from January 2008 to December 2014. For all the observational days, meteorological data about the Parma Province were obtained from the Environment and Climate Regional Agency. The correlation between ED visits for PSP and variation of air temperature (T°), atmospheric pressure (hPa) and humidity (%) was then tested. The chronological data of all the visits for PSP were correlated with climate data by univariate linear regressions analysis. A total number of 608.215 ED visits were recorded during the observational period, with an average of 238 patients per day. Overall, 257 PSP cases were observed (mean age 37±21 years), 79% males and 21% females. No significant correlation between average daily visits for SP and daily change of average temperature, humidity, or atmospheric pressure was observed throughout the observational period (p>0.05 for all). The results of the study show that the incidence of PSP is not significantly associated with changes of microclimatic variables.