From risk charts to guidelines: tools for evaluation and management of cardiovascular risk

Cristina Castello, Furio Colivicchi, Mariagrazia Sclavo, Massimo Uguccioni, Alberto Genovesi Ebert, Maurizio G. Abrignani, Pompilio Faggiano, Carmine Riccio
  • Furio Colivicchi
    Dipartimento Cardiovascolare, Azienda Ospedaliera “S. Filippo Neri”, Roma, Italy
  • Mariagrazia Sclavo
    U.O.di Cardiologia, ASL Valle d’Aosta, Aosta, Italy
  • Massimo Uguccioni
    U.O. di Cardiologia, Ospedale “CTO A. Alesini”, Roma, Italy
  • Alberto Genovesi Ebert
    U.O. di Cardiologia, Spedali Riuniti, Livorno, Italy
  • Maurizio G. Abrignani
    U.O. di Cardiologia, A.O. S. Antonio Abate, Trapani, Italy
  • Pompilio Faggiano
    U.O. di Cardiologia, A.O. Spedali Riuniti, Brescia, Italy
  • Carmine Riccio
    U.O. di Cardiologia Riabilitativa e Preventiva, A.O. S. Sebastiano, Caserta, Italy

Abstract

Despite the wide improvement of diagnostic techniques and the introduction of effective pharmacological and instrumental therapeutic strategies aimed to the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, their incidence and lethality are still elevated, with economic implications increasingly less sustainable by the public medical systems. The modern practice of cardiovascular prevention requires, thus, that diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, both at population level and on the single patient, should be more and more precise, effective, and appropriate. From this point of view, a correct global cardiovascular risk stratification assumes a preponderant relevance, in order to allow an adequate therapeutical response. For this purpose several work instruments, as risk charts and guidelines, namely dedicated to arterial hypertension and dyslipidemias, were developed and offered to clinicians interested in cardiovascular prevention. The aim of this review is to illustrate, in synthesis, those instruments, aiming to facilitate their implementation, thus reducing the actual gap between theoretical indications and the real world.

Keywords

risk charts, guidelines, cardiovascular prevention

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Submitted: 2016-02-05 14:43:08
Published: 2016-02-05 15:19:52
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Copyright (c) 2016 Cristina Castello, Furio Colivicchi, Mariagrazia Sclavo, Massimo Uguccioni, Alberto Genovesi Ebert, Maurizio G. Abrignani, Pompilio Faggiano, Carmine Riccio

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